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Text of Statement by Malaysian NGOs on Military Spending, 12 April 2011

12 April 2011

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A Global Day of Action on Military Spending on April 12, 2011

Statement by Malaysian NGOs on Military Spending, 12 April 2011

Malaysian NGOs on Military Spending are concerned about the carte blanche given to the Ministry of Defence for arms purchases while health, education and other social services are still so deplorable. The total security allocation under the Tenth Malaysia Plan is RM23 billion. Through the years, the allocation for security (internal security + defence) has been as high as 15.9% and 15.0% under the 3rd and 6th Malaysia Plans while the allocation for health has been as low as 1.6% and 1.0% under the 4th and 5th Malaysia Plans respectively. The Education Minister said recently that 600 schools in the country are in critical condition, most of these in East Malaysia.

The arms race among the Southeast Asian countries seems the most pointless after all the talk at conferences on ASEAN integration. Even so, each country’s attempt to be ahead in the race is self-defeating.

In 1997, Malaysia was described as one of "East Asia’s Big Eight" countries devoting "lavish resources" to develop its military industries. The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists said that these countries - China, Japan, Taiwan, Indonesia, South Korea, Thailand, Singapore and Malaysia - were enhancing their capabilities in military organization, arms purchases, and military industrialization.

Malaysia’s rivalry with Singapore springs not from ideological differences but from the latter’s forced separation from the Malaysian federation in 1965, after a crisis emanating from the racial politics of their ruling classes. From this rivalry we can see how the ensuing arms race has burdened the peoples in the two countries with billions in arms spending.

Many are not aware of the rapid growth of Malaysia’s domestic military-industrial complex. The top brass of the military guard their power and privilege and this is nourished by easy access to the defence budget and the simple justification of "national security". Today we have seen the growth of such a complex in many countries, including Malaysia. An offshoot of the arms purchases is the race to develop domestic defence equipment industries in each of the S.E. Asian countries.

It is clear that the BN Government could get away with such huge defence budgets during the last few decades because of the erosion of these safeguards in our democratic system, viz. dominance of the executive over parliament; loss of public accountability; absence of Freedom of Information legislation; inadequate separation of powers between the executive and the judiciary; poor safeguards for civil rights. The National Defence Policy is as good as giving a carte blanche to the Ministry of Defence for "deterrence and forward defence".

The Non-Aligned Movement was founded upon the principles of peace, neutrality and impartiality to the Superpowers. A genuine non-aligned policy can therefore go a long way toward ridding us of the need to procure expensive arms.

Disarmament must ultimately be inclusive of all the nations within ASEAN. The peoples in ASEAN deserve a better quality of life compared to the status quo which is committed to an irrational arms race among the ASEAN countries themselves and deprives their peoples of valuable resources for social development.

Minimising the defence budget in Malaysia and throughout ASEAN can free more valuable resources into urgently needed social services and socially useful production. Wasting money on arms prevents it from being spent on health, education, clean water or other public services. It also distorts the economy and diverts resources, such as skilled labour and R&D away from alternative economic activity.

Leaders have the responsibility to initiate that fundamental change and involving everyone in that peace-building process. It involves overcoming the fears, prejudices and other contradictions that give rise to misunderstanding, violence and conflict. It involves re-ordering our financial priorities away from wasteful and destructive arms to the social well-being of all our peoples.

Facilitating greater democracy in our society also creates a culture of peace since the more that citizens have the opportunity to participate in the running of their society and the freedom to express their aspirations and criticisms, the less likely are they to take up arms to overthrow the government.

To achieve a culture of peace would require a profound reformation but reform we must. Cooperating in shared goals and nurturing positive interdependence can help to build this culture of peace. A culture of peace should be our nation’s vision. It is a vision that is only attainable in a society that respects human dignity, social justice, democracy and human rights. It is an environment that can settle conflict and differences through dialogue and democracy and not through threats and repression.

Social change will only happen when the people are mobilised in a movement for peace. Only such a movement and consciousness can divert the billions spent on unnecessary and wasteful armaments to peaceful and socially useful production. Malaysian NGOs on Military Spending have a responsibility for initiating this movement.

Signatories:

1. Suara Rakyat Malaysia (SUARAM)

2. Kuala Lumpur Selangor Chinese Assembly Hall (KLSCAH)

3. Saya Anak Bangsa Malaysia (SABM)

4. Food Not Boms (FNB)

5. Parti Socialis Malaysia (PSM)

6. Community Action Network (CAN)

7. Pusat Komunikasi Masyarakat (KOMAS)

8. Jaringan Rakyat Tertindas (JERIT)

9. Pusat Kesedaran Kommuniti Selangor (EMPOWER)

10. All Women Action Society (AWAM)

11. Persatuan Masyarakat Selangor & WilayaH Persekutuan (PERMAS)

12. Centre for Orang Asli Concerns (COAC)

13. Malaysia Youth & Students Democratic Movement (DEMA)

14. Child Development Initiative

1. Group of Concerned Citizens
2. Ikatan Hak Rakyat
3. Johor Tamizhar Sangam
4. Klang Consumer Association
5. Malaysian Dravidian Association
6. Malaysian Indian Business Association
7. Malaysian Indian Development & Unity Association
8. Nationwide Human Development And Research Centre
9. People Service Organization
10. Persahabatan Semparuthi
11. Persatuan Kemajuan Pendidikan Malaysia
12. Persatuan Prihatin Belia Malaysia